Heimdall.droid
rheinfabrik
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Security

Heimdall

Heimdall is an OAuth 2.0 client specifically designed for easy usage and high flexibility. It supports all grants as described in Section 4 as well as refreshing an access token as described in Section 6 of the The OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework specification.

This library makes use of RxJava. Therefore you should be familar with Observables.

If you are an iOS Developer then please take a look at the Swift version of Heimdall.

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Installation

Heimdall is ready to be used via jitpack.io. Simply add the following code to your root build.gradle:

allprojects {
    repositories {
        jcenter()
        maven { url "https://jitpack.io" }
    }
}

Now add the gradle dependency in your application's build.gradle:

dependencies {
    compile 'com.github.rheinfabrik:Heimdall.droid:{latest_version}'
}

Examples

Heimdall's main class is the OAuth2AccessTokenManager. It is responsible for retrieving a new access token and keeping it valid by refreshing it.

In order to initialize an OAuth2AccessTokenManager instance, you need to pass an object implementing the OAuth2AccessTokenStorage interface. You can use the predefined SharedPreferencesOAuth2AccessTokenStorage if it suits your needs. Make sure that your OAuth2AccessTokenStorage is as secure as possible!

SharedPreferencesOAuth2AccessTokenStorage<OAuth2AccessToken> storage = new SharedPreferencesOAuth2AccessTokenStorage<>(mySharedPreferences, OAuth2AccessToken.class);
OAuth2AccessTokenManager<> manager = new OAuth2AccessTokenManager<OAuth2AccessToken>(storage);

On your manager instance you can now call grantNewAccessToken(grant) to receive a new access token. The grant instance you pass must implement the OAuth2Grant interface and your actual server call.

Here is an example of an OAuth2ResourceOwnerPasswordCredentialsGrant.

public class MyOAuth2Grant extends OAuth2ResourceOwnerPasswordCredentialsGrant<OAuth2AccessToken> {

    // Constructor

    @Override
    public Observable<OAuth2AccessToken> grantNewAccessToken() {
        // Create the network request based on the username, the password and the grant type.
        // You can use Retrofit to make things easier.
    }
}

Your manager instance also has a method called getValidAccessToken(refreshGrant). This is probably the main reason we build this library. It firstly checks if the stored access token is expired and then either emits the unexpired one or refreshs it if it is expired using the passed refresh grant.

Here is an example of an OAuth2RefreshAccessTokenGrant.

public class MyOAuth2Grant extends OAuth2RefreshAccessTokenGrant<OAuth2AccessToken> {

    // Constructor

    @Override
    public Observable<OAuth2AccessToken> grantNewAccessToken() {
        // Create the network request based on the grant type and the refresh token.
        // You can use Retrofit to make things easier.
    }
}

Mostly you will use the OAuth2AuthorizationCodeGrant to authorize the user via a third party service such as Trakt.tv.

The implemention of a grant authorizing with Trakt.tv might look as following:

public final class TraktTVAuthorizationCodeGrant extends OAuth2AuthorizationCodeGrant<OAuth2AccessToken> {

    public String clientSecret;

    @Override
    public Uri buildAuthorizationUri() {
        return Uri.parse("https://trakt.tv/oauth/authorize")
                .buildUpon()
                .appendQueryParameter("client_id", clientId)
                .appendQueryParameter("redirect_uri", redirectUri)
                .appendQueryParameter("response_type", RESPONSE_TYPE).build();
    }

    @Override
    public Observable<OAuth2AccessToken> exchangeTokenForCode(String code) {
        // Create the network request based on the grant type, clientSecret and the retrieved code.
        // You can use Retrofit to make things easier.
    }
}

Using that grant with an Android WebView might look like this (please note that we use Retrolambda here):

// Create the grant
TraktTVAuthorizationCodeGrant grant = new TraktTVAuthorizationCodeGrant();
grant.clientSecret = "secret"
grant.clientId = "id"
grant.redirectUri = "uri"

// Set up web view loading
webView.setWebViewClient(new WebViewClient() {
 	
 	@Override
    public void onPageFinished(WebView view, String url) {
    	super.onPageFinished(view, url);

		// Tell the grant we loaded an url
        grant.onUrlLoadedCommand.onNext(Uri.parse(url));
    }
});

// Load the authorization url once build
grant.authorizationUri()
    .map(Uri::parse)
	.observeOn(AndroidSchedulers.mainThread())
	.subscribe(myWebView::load)

// Start the authorization process
grant.grantNewAccessToken()
	.subscribe(token -> Log.d("Heimdall", "New token: " + token))

Sample Application

Please also check out our sample application which performs an authorization against trakt.tv and displays a simple list of the user's watchlists.

Note: In order to build the sample by yourself you have to create a new application on trakt.tv and add the credentials wherever TraktTvAPIConfiguration.java is used.

About

Heimdall was built by trivago ????

License

Heimdall is licensed under Apache Version 2.0.

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